CHARACTERISTICS OF RATS AND ECTOPARASITES ON ANIMAL QUARANTINE HEALTH IN PORTS
Rats are wild animals that can cause disease. Diseases that can be caused by Toxoplasma caused by parasites. One that can be transmitted from rat urine, saliva, feces and fleas. This research is a qualitative research that uses a descriptive observational approach. Identification was carried out at the Kendari Class II KKP Laboratory. The disease is directly bitten by ectoparasites in the body of mice (fleas, fleas, ticks and mites). The study was conducted by observing at the same time (point time approach) which included all rats in the Perimeter area of the People's Harbor Area, Nusantara Port, Ferry Port and Bungkutoko Port. 100 traps were set and placed scattered around in the Perimeter area. The catch was carried out in the afternoon and taken in the morning. The rats and ectoparasites obtained were then identified. In the trap taking in April obtained as many as 30 tails. The rats found were Norvegicus, Mus Muscular and Hundred diardi species. The number of ectoparasites found was 29 types of pinja. In the trap taking in June, 18 individuals were found. Ectoparasites were found with Norvegicus species with 156 fleas, Hundred diardi with 2 fleas. Conclusion The rats in the people's port and Ferry had the highest number of rats and had the highest number of extoparsites compared to the ports of Nusantara and Bungkutoko..